Protective factors against dating violence
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Protective and risk factors may also influence the course mental health disorders might take if present.A protective factor can be defined as “a characteristic at the biological, psychological, family, or community (including peers and culture) level that is associated with a lower likelihood of problem outcomes or that reduces the negative impact of a risk factor on problem outcomes.” Conversely, a risk factor can be defined as “a characteristic at the biological, psychological, family, community, or cultural level that precedes and is associated with a higher likelihood of problem outcomes.”.
A person’s closest social circle—-peers, partners, and family members—influences their behavior and contributes to their experience.Risk factors at the family level include: authoritarian childrearing attitudes, low parental involvement, poor family functioning, and parental substance abuse or history of criminal involvement.Peer and social risk factors include involvement in gangs and social rejection by peers.Factors that appear to buffer against the risk of violence include coordination of resources and services among community agencies, access to mental health and substance abuse services, and community support and connectedness.Adverse Childhood Experiences Childhood experiences, both positive and negative, have a tremendous impact on future youth violence victimization and perpetration.Other factors can buffer young people from the risks of becoming violent, even if they have experienced the other kinds of risk factors listed above.
These include academic achievement, high educational aspirations, positive social orientation, and highly developed social skills/competencies.
The presence or absence and various combinations of protective and risk factors contribute to the mental health of youth.
Identifying protective and risk factors in youth may guide the prevention and intervention strategies to pursue with them.
Protective factors that can reduce the risk of violence include connectedness to family or other caring adults, frequent and positive shared activities with parents, positive engagement with teachers in supportive school climates, and involvement in prosocial activities.
School, Community, and Society Other factors often overlooked are settings in which social relationships occur, such as schools, workplaces, and neighborhoods.
This CDC web page contains related information and resources.