A sitcom, clipping for situational comedy (situation comedy in the U.S.), is a genre of comedy centered on a fixed set of characters who carry over from episode to episode.
According to television critic Bill Brioux, there are a number of structural reasons for this: the shorter seasons, typical of Canadian television production, make it harder for audiences to connect with a program before its season has concluded, and put even successful shows at risk of losing their audience between seasons because of the longer waiting time before a show returns with new episodes; the more limited marketing budgets available to Canadian television networks mean that audiences are less likely to be aware that the show exists in the first place; and the shows tend to resemble American sitcoms, in the hope of securing a lucrative sale to an American television network, even though by and large the Canadian sitcoms that have been successful have been ones, such as Corner Gas or King of Kensington, that had a more distinctively Canadian flavour.By 1986, UK comedies Bless This House and Are You Being Served?had been repeated by ABC Television several times, and were then acquired and screened by the Seven Network, in prime time.The majority of British sitcoms are 30 minutes long and are recorded on studio sets in a multiple-camera setup.A subset of British comedy consciously avoids traditional situation comedy themes and storylines to branch out into more unusual topics or narrative methods.The show continues to be popular in Hispanic America as well as in Brazil, Spain, United States and other countries, with syndicated episodes averaging 91 million daily viewers in all of the markets where it is distributed in the Americas.
The first Russian sitcom series was "Strawberry" (resembled "Duty Pharmacy" in Spanish format), which was aired in 1996–1997 on the RTR channel.
It was also one of the earliest examples of radio syndication.
Like many radio programs of the time, the two programs continued the American entertainment traditions of vaudeville and the minstrel show.
British sitcoms are typically produced in one or more series of six episodes.
Most such series are conceived and developed by one or two writers.
The effect of a live studio audience can be imitated or enhanced by the use of a laugh track.